The outbreak of pandemic coronavirus has become a global concern these days. Also called as COVID-19, it started from a seafood market in Wuhan, China. Till now it has spread to more than 100 countries of the world including the global leaders United States, United Kingdom, Russia, India, Canada etc.
Though the governments of all different countries are taking important measures to stop the spread & people are being quarantined, the cases are continuously increasing throughout the world. About 7,500,000 people have been confirmed to have the coronavirus till date and at least 400,000+ have died according to stats from different countries.
Undoubtedly, coronavirus is still fearing people and awareness has become a must so that people can keep themselves & their loved ones safe from this disease. Below is a complete guide on what coronavirus is, how to deal with it and the early symptoms.
What exactly is Coronavirus?
A coronavirus is one of the viruses out of coronavirus family which causes illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases. These type of viruses are found mainly in animals and can rarely be transmitted to humans. However, when these are transmitted they start spreading from person to person exactly that has happened with COVID-19.
These two are the most common types of known human coronaviruses:
MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome)
SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome)
How coronavirus infection is transmitted?
The coronavirus infection can usually be transmitted if a person has been in a close contact with an infected patient. For example, at workplaces, public places, public transport systems, health care centers etc. The virus can be spread by touching something an infected person has touched and then touching your hand to your mouth, nose, or eyes. Contact with certain bodily fluids, such as cough droplets can also spread the virus.
Humans have first affected from the COVID-19 virus due to contact with animals. However, it is not yet known what animal caused COVID-19. Some say that it has spread from bats but there is no particular evidence.
What are the first symptoms of coronavirus?
Coronavirus symptoms range from common, less common to severe and it usually takes 2-14 days for symptoms to develop after a person has been in contact with the virus.
Most common/first few symptoms:
- Fever: A temperature of 100.4°F or higher is normally considered as a fever. A person with a fever feels hot to touch on their neck, back or chest.
- Dry Cough: If a person notices they are coughing a lot or have a number of coughing episodes in a day, they may have coronavirus.
- Tiredness/Fatigue: If you have been feeling lack of energy from a long time are it doesn’t seem to recover with common home remedies, this could also be a primary symptom of coronavirus.
- Shortness of breath: Shortness of breath can be described as a feeling of suffocating, or unable to catch breath.
Apart from the aforementioned ones, there could be some other symptoms in people depending upon their immunity. Here is a list of such symptoms:
Less common symptoms:
- Aches and pains
- Sore throat
- Loss of taste or smell
- Rashes on skin
- Discoloration of fingers or toes
- Chest pain or pressure
- Loss of speech or movement
Is coronavirus infection treatable?
As COVID-19 is a new type of disease, there is no specific treatment available yet. Scientists all around the world are working on developing a vaccine and soon there could be a direct treatment option. However, currently, doctors are treating people with coronavirus infection depending on the different types of symptoms and patient’s clinical condition.
How to Deal with Coronavirus?
People with weakened immune systems may easily develop more serious symptoms of coronavirus such as pneumonia, breathing difficulty, loss of speech etc. Therefore, special care should be taken for old age people and newborns. So far, most confirmed cases are in adults and here are some standard recommendations to reduce exposure to and transmission of coronavirus:
- Maintain basic hand and respiratory hygiene
- Follow safe food practices
- Avoid close contact with people showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing
- Avoid attending large social events
- Follow social distancing rules
There are also chances that you may never develop symptoms after being exposed to COVID-19 and that can happen if you have a very strong immune system. It has been noticed that most infected people have developed very common symptoms and have recovered without hospitalization.
However, at any point, if you believe you have symptoms of COVID-19, you should contact your doctor immediately. You must avoid over-the-counter medicines and going to the doctor’s office. Try to connect with your doctor via call, text or other mediums. You may not necessarily have symptoms of coronavirus but some common infections that can be treated at home.
Keep reading our blog for more info on Coronavirus.